June 18, 2017 - External Solemnity of Corpus Christi[Comments? Please e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. Previous columns are available at http://www.detroitlatinmass.org. This edition of Tridentine Community News, with minor editions, is from the St. Albertus (Detroit), Academy of the Sacred Heart (Bloomfield Hills), and St. Alphonsus and Holy Name of Mary Churches (Windsor) bulletin inserts for June 18, 2017. Hat tip to Alex Begin, author of the column.]
The Ambrosian Rite
Disclaimer: These are the author’s initial reactions to his first experience of the Ambrosian Rite Mass and are not meant to be authoritative descriptions of the rite.
This year’s Sacra Liturgía conference was held in Milan, Italy June 6-9. As always, it was an informative and uplifting experience. One feels intimately connected to the worldwide Latin Mass movement at such an event, being part of an international crowd with likeminded interests. Vatican Congregation of Divine Worship Prefect Cardinal Robert Sarah once again delivered the keynote address, in which he reiterated his recommendation from last year for priests to celebrate the Ordinary Form of Holy Mass ad oriéntem. This year His Eminence also made the case for Holy Communion to be received kneeling and on the tongue. Cardinal Raymond Burke delivered an address about the positive effects of the first ten years of Summórum Pontificum. Former Apostolic Nuncio to the United States Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò was in attendance, as were several other bishops and countless priests.
A principal objective of this year’s event was exposing the attendees to the Ambrosian Rite. The rite, named after Milan’s Patron Saint, St. Ambrose, is native to the Archdiocese of Milan; it is also used at a handful of other locations in Italy and Switzerland. Several talks on the history of the rite were presented, and Masses and Vespers in the traditional and modern forms of the rite were offered. An elaborate Traditional Ambrosian Solemn Mass in the Presence of a Greater Prelate [Cardinal Burke] was offered in the standing-room-only Church of Sant’Alessandro in Zebedia. [Photo above; both photos by Sacra Liturgía]
Unlike the Traditional Premonstratensian, a.k.a. Norbertine, Rite, which has only a few variations from the Traditional Latin Mass, the Traditional Ambrosian Rite differs in some significant ways:
There are three readings instead of two. There are two additional chanted Propers: an Antiphon after the Gospel and a Confractórium Antiphon after the Canon during the breaking of the host. The Confractórium takes the place of the Agnus Dei, which is omitted in the Ambrosian Rite.
In both the Masses and the Vespers offered at the conference, there were elements shared with the Byzantine Rite: There were several instances of Kyrie, eleison chanted back and forth. There were Dóminus vobíscum’s at unexpected points, such as before antiphons. Unlike its restrained handling in the Tridentine Mass, the thurible – without a lid – is swung around in an expansive circular motion, almost like a lasso.
Only four priests in the Archdiocese of Milan are familiar with the Traditional Ambrosian Rite. As a result, that version is only offered in two locations.
The Modern Ambrosian Rite shares many of the characteristics of the traditional version, though the celebrant may face the people. This rite is the norm in most parishes in Milan. In the Modern Ambrosian Mass offered at the conference in the Basilica of St. Ambrose, the first reading was, oddly, not taken from Sacred Scripture, but was rather a history of Ss. Ambrose, Gervase, and Protase. The Sign of Peace takes place before the Offertory.
Musically, there is a whole repertoire of Ambrosian Chant, whose sound is quite rich and full, sonically falling somewhere between the often thin Gregorian Chant and complex polyphony. Many of our readers are familiar with the Ambrosian Glória, which the Milanese call Glória Tono Festívo. An updated book of Ambrosian Chant was introduced at the conference.
Perhaps the most moving moment in all of the liturgies offered took place at the beginning of the Modern Ambrosian Rite Mass. As the entrance procession arrived at the altar, the two acolytes and crucifer turned to face the clergy behind them. The clergy and servers in the procession turned to face each other, while the celebrant remained at the back of the procession [photo above]. The choir then began a 12-fold Kyrie, alternating with the clergy. A video of this entrance is here, with the Kyrie beginning at 2:30: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8kDr4_kPlQ
Tridentine Masses This Coming Week
- Mon. 06/19 7:00 PM: Low Mass at St. Josaphat (St. Julia of Falconieri, Virgin)
- Tue. 06/20 7:00 PM: Low Mass at Holy Name of Mary, Windsor (St. Silverius, Pope & Martyr)
- Sat. 06/24 8:30 AM: Low Mass at Miles Christi (Nativity of St. John the Baptist)
Sunday, June 18, 2017
Tridentine Community News - The Ambrosian Rite; TLM schedule
Tridentine Community News by Alex Begin (June 18, 2017):